Green Plains Inc, the nation’s fourth-largest ethanol producer, has permanently shuttered a Virginia production plant and cut output at several other facilities as it tries to navigate a supply glut that has pummeled biofuel profits. Green Plains announced that it was closing a plant in the town of Hopewell that had capacity to produce 60 million gallons annually. Thirty-one jobs will be cut, it said in a news release. With ethanol plants in Corn Belt states such as Iowa and Illinois struggling to make money, further-flung facilities have been under even more pressure as bringing in corn from far away boosts feedstock costs.
team of researchers from Israel’s Ben Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) has demonstrated, for the first time, a technique for converting human excrement into hydrochar—a safe, renewable biomass fuel that resembles charcoal—as well as a nutrient-rich fertilizer. According to the team, this process could potentially address two major issues that affect many less-affluent countries—poor sanitation and growing energy needs.In a pilot study published in the Journal of Cleaner Production, the researchers described how they used a technique known as “hydrothermal carbonization” to heat raw solid human waste in a special “pressure cooker” to three different temperatures (180, 210 and 240 degrees Celsius) for periods of either 30, 60 or 120 minutes.This sterilizes the human waste and dries it out, creating a solid coal-like substance known as hydrochar, which can be used for household cooking and heating. In addition, a nutrient-rich liquid is produced that could be used as a fertilizer. Last year, the BGU researchers carried out similar research using poultry excrement.
A lawsuit filed this week over Ohio’s wind turbine setbacks centers on whether landowners, developers and others had a chance to be heard before the stricter terms were adopted as part of an eleventh-hour budget bill amendment in 2014.House Bill 483’s property line setbacks became part of a massive 2014 budget bill less than 24 hours before its passage by the Ohio Senate.Barely 10 minutes of discussion on the provisions took place on the Senate floor.That “tucked away” issue forms the basis for the plaintiffs’ constitutional challenge now. The relevant part of the Ohio Constitution says “[n]o bill shall contain more than one subject, which shall be clearly expressed in its title.”The parties suing the state allege that the law “is a classic example of ‘logrolling.’” That kind of horse-trading practice typically combines unrelated proposals to get support from lawmakers who might trade support for one part of the bill if another part includes something to their advantage.
Marine fishes rely on their sensory systems to survive. A study is the first to quantify the physiological effects of whole crude oil on the olfactory function of a marine vertebrate -- the Atlantic stingray. Results of the study, confirm that exposure to crude oil, at concentrations mimicking those measured in coastal areas following the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, significantly impaired olfactory function in the Atlantic stingray after just 48 hours of exposure.
A group of farmers in Paulding County has filed suit against the state of Ohio, alleging that the Ohio General Assembly violated the state constitution when it passed a dramatic increase in wind setback mandates. In a case joined by the wind industry, the farmers assert that the legislature passed the amendment in House Bill 483 in 2014 in a totally unrelated piece of legislation, which is in violation of the "single subject" rule. The legislature adopted the surprise mandate just before the bill's passage, without any opportunity for input from affected landowners. Plaintiffs are requesting that the court strike down the provision due to this egregious constitutional violation.The lawsuit was filed today, Nov. 12, in Paulding County Common Pleas Court.Prior to HB 483, the minimum wind turbine setback distance from a neighboring property line was “1.1 times the height of a turbine.” The minimum setback from a habitable structure was 1,125 feet measured from the tip of the turbine blade. HB 483 replaced the property line setback with the much longer statutory minimum habitable structure setback distance – 1,125 feet.Prior to enactment of HB 483, 12 commercial-scale wind farms were approved by the Ohio Power citing Board, but since the bill’s passage, there have been zero, according to the lawsuit. Every Ohio wind project under development has been abandoned or stalled. Meanwhile, private demand for wind energy has skyrocket, documents stated.The plaintiffs claim the current setbacks “will continue to harm development and deprive local landowners and communities of the substantial economic and environmental benefits of wind energy.”
Navajo leaders are scrambling to find a new owner for the Navajo Generating Station, which pays better than any other job on the Navajo Nation. Hopi Tribe officials have asked the federal government to buy electricity from the plant to avoid a shutdown.
As battles over two major natural gas pipelines play out in court, state regulators have continued to cite the Atlantic Coast Pipeline and Mountain Valley Pipeline for environmental problems.The Mountain Valley Pipeline has received 19 violation notices from the West Virginia Department of Environmental Protection for failing to comply with the project’s West Virginia/National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System general water pollution control permit. The violation notices date back to early April, and the most recent was issued in early October, according to the DEP’s database.The violations happened in several West Virginia counties, including Greenbrier, Harrison and Doddridge. The pipeline is approved to span 303 miles from Wetzel County, West Virginia, into Pittsylvania County, Virginia.In many cases, a DEP inspector visited the site of construction and warned the site operator to take measures to comply with its permit. Then, the inspector wrote up a Notice of Violation, telling developers to provide a written response to the violation within 20 days. The violations don’t come with a monetary penalty.
Developers want state subsidies but not everybody agrees with that. And activists say low- and moderate-income New Jerseyans should get discounts on their bills. The state wants to give low- and moderate-income families, mostly left out of the clean energy transformation occurring in New Jersey, the opportunity to cut their electric bills by getting their power from community solar systems.The concept, widely backed by the solar industry, clean energy advocates and public interest groups, is modeled on programs already in place in at least 17 other states, but New Jersey regulatory officials need to iron out key details of a new proposal if it is going to succeed, according to solar executives and others.Those details involve whether the projected cost savings are enough to convince households already having trouble paying their electric bills that reductions in their monthly energy bills would be enough to make it worth joining a community solar program.“If you are already struggling to pay your bills, you are not going to pay more just to save the world,’’ said Nancy Griffith, of the Unitarian Universalist for Faith Action said at a hearing on a new rule proposal to develop community solar programs in New Brunswick.Those communities also ought to benefit from jobs created by those investments, others said. “We want our communities to benefit not only price-wise, but job wise,’’ said Rev. Ronald Tuff, representing GreenFaith.
The DuPont cellulosic ethanol plant in Nevada will be sold to a German biofuels company's U.S. subsidiary, which plans to convert the plant to produce renewable natural gas. Verbio North America Corp., the Michigan-based subsidiary of Verbio Vereinigte BioEnergie AG, will purchase the next-generation Iowa ethanol plant and a portion of its corn stover inventory. Verbio declined to provide a purchase price.The company expects to use corn stalks, husks and cobs to make the renewable natural gas, said Greg Northrup, president of Verbio's U.S. operation, in an email.Verbio will buy 100,000 tons of stover — roughly 150,000 bales — that DuPont has stored in central Iowa. Officials have not said how much stover will remain in storage after the sale.
A local gas retailer wants to show the competition who's "boss" when it comes to biofuels. “We've got options, we've got a lot of things our customers don't have,” said Charlie Bosselman, president of Bosselman Enterprises.On a day when the snow was flying, the shovels were moving dirt outside the Pump and Pantry on the corner of Webb Road and Old Potash in Grand Island, making way for new choices at the pump.Charlie Bosselman unveils a new line of fuels his company calls “Bossfuel”.“Fuel is our #1 product that we sell, so it should be an item we take the most concern with,” he said.While most gas stations give customers two choices, many of the Pump and Pantry stores have as many as five fuels to pick from.“Everything from premium gasoline to clear gasoline, to E15, E30, E85,” Bosselman said.The company president said options are good.“But it's also to promote and help develop ethanol in Nebraska,” he explained.